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School Education Quality Index 2019: (SEQI 2019)

NITI Aayog: School Education Quality Index 2019 – (SEQI 2019)

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In News:

  • NITI Aayog released the School Education Quality Index (SEQI) 2019 report.
  • The report is based on 2015-16 and 2016-17 data of Unified District Information on School Education, the National Achievement Survey of MHRD.
  • The objective of this ranking to understand how different states is progressing in school education.
School Education Quality Index
School Education Quality Index 2019

Findings in the report:

  • As per the report, almost all states showed improvement from the base year of 2015-16.
    • Top performers: Kerala, Rajasthan, and Karnataka among large states in overall category,
    • Marked improvement: The southern states and Rajasthan,
    • At the Bottom: Uttar Pradesh,
    • Delhi emerged as one of the best in the governance category with regard to school education.

About: School Education Quality Index (SEQI)

The School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was developed to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector.

  • Aim:
    1. To bring an outcomes focus to education policy by identify strengths and weaknesses of States and thereby, undertake requisite course corrections or policy interventions.
    2. To drive policy reforms that will improve the quality of school education.
  • Purpose:
    1. The index would facilitate the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs, thereby promoting competitive and cooperative federalism.
    2. It will institutionalize a focus on enhancing education outcomes by driving improvements in learning levels, access, equity, infrastructure and governance processes.
    3. The index recognizes the importance of State-level leadership for improving outcomes, as education is a subject in Concurrent List.


  • The states have been divided into 20 large, eight small and seven Union Territories.
  • West Bengal did not participate.
  • The eight small states include Goa and 7 states from the northeast region.
  • Overall, there are 30 indicators to measure the overall effectiveness, quality and efficiency of the Indian school education system.
  • Weightage has been assigned based on these indicators.
  • The states have been ranked on two broad categories –outcome and governance.
    1. Outcome category: In this, states have been assessed on:
      • Access (enrollment)
      • Infrastructure — such as book banks and percentage of vocational courses offered
      • Equity, that is minority, rural and urban students
      • Learning outcomes of classes III, V and VIII
      • Learning outcomes has been given 50% weightage.
      • Within learning outcomes, maximum weightage has been given to class III.
    2. Governance category: In this, the states and UTs were assessed on:
      • Teacher and student attendance
      • Teacher availability
      • Administrative adequacy
      • Training
      • Accountability and transparency

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