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Ranjan Gogoi takes oath as MP in Rajya Sabha

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Ranjan Gogoi takes oath as MP in Rajya Sabha
Ranjan Gogoi takes oath as MP in Rajya Sabha

In News:

  • Former Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi has recently took oath as a nominated member of the Rajya Sabha.
  • He is the first chief justice to become a nominated member of the House.
  • Earlier Justice (retd) Ranganath Mishra was elected to the Upper House as a Congress member.
  • He has been nominated from the eminent persons category.

In Focus: Nominated Members of Rajya Sabha

Composition of Rajya Sabha:

  • Constitutional provision: The Fourth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha to the states and union territories
  • Maximum strength of Rajya Sabha: 250
  • Representatives of the states and union territories (elected indirectly): 238
  • Nominated by the President: 12
  • Present Strength of Rajya Sabha: 245
  • Members representing the states: 229
  • Members representing the UTs: 4
  • Nominated by the President: 12

About: Nominated Members

  • 80(1)(a) of Constitution of India makes provision for the nomination of 12 members to the Rajya Sabha by the President of India in accordance with provisions of Arts.80(3).
  • 80(3) says that the persons to be nominated as members must be possessing special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as the following namely : Literature, science, art and social service.
  • Thus, the president nominates members to the Rajya Sabha from people who have special knowledge or practical experience in art, literature, science and social service.
  • The rationale behind this principle of nomination is to provide eminent persons a place in the Rajya Sabha without going through the process of election.
  • Since Rajya Sabha was constituted in 1952, 137 people have been nominated as its members.
  • These include scholars, jurists, educationists, historians, scientists, litterateurs, journalists, engineers, economists, administrators, artistes, social workers and politicians usually with loyalty to the government of the day.
NOTE: The American Senate has no nominated members.

Significance of a Nominated member in Rajya Sabha:

  • By nominating eminent members to Rajya Sabha, the State not only recognizes their merit and confers honour on them, but also enables them to enrich the debates by their expertise and knowledge that they possess in different areas.

Powers of Nominated Members:

  • Nominated members enjoy all powers and privileges which elected MPs are entitled to.
  • They take part in proceedings of the House but are not allowed to vote in the election of the President.
  • They have a voting right in the election of the Vice President.
  • So far, no nominated member has been inducted into the Council of Ministers.
  • A nominated member can join a party within six months of taking his seat in the House.

Also Read: Licenses of 6676 NGOs cancelled for FCRA violation

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