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Extra Bytes: Peddapalli (India’s Cleanest District)

Peddapalli became the cleanest district of India – Peddapalli (India’s Cleanest District)

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In News: Peddapalli (India’s Cleanest District)

  • Peddapalli district in Telangana has achieved the distinction of being designated the cleanest district in the country.
Peddapalli (India's Cleanest District)
Peddapalli’s Geography

News Summary: Peddapalli (India’s Cleanest District)

  • Peddapalli district achieved the top ranking by a combination of good governance initiatives, people’s participation, and prudent use of funds available under MGNREGS and Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Programme.

Funding:

  • To fund much of the sanitation work, cleanliness campaign and digging holes for plantation and afforestation drives, the district effectively used funds allotted under the MGNREGS.

Health benefits along with cleanliness:

  • Due to proper sanitation measures, the district has recorded a 90% reduction in the number of dengue cases.

Steps taken to achieve the status as the cleanest district in the country:

  1. Common soak pits:
    • To prevent households letting out water onto the roads or unauthorized drains, drains were covered and trees were planted on them while providing the households proper drainage connections.
    • Instead of open drains, individual closed soak pits were developed along with community soak pits.
    • The common soak pits were constructed where water stagnation was noticed which led to mosquito breeding and therefore spread of diseases like dengue.
    • The pits not only help in holding rainwater, but also the muck from a house and are closed on top.
    • Money spent on cleaning up open drains due to regular clogging has come down to zero since the soak pit was introduced.
  2. Kitchen Garden:
    • Kitchen garden is another concept where the wet waste from a household is turned into compost and used as manure.
  3. Garbage Collection units:
    • The district administration also established garbage collection yards in all the 263 villages.
    • A village sanitation committee under the local sarpanch that oversees segregation of plastic, dry, and wet waste was established.
    • While advising villagers to reduce the use of plastic, the task of collecting plastic waste was entrusted to women of Self Help Groups.
    • For every 20 households, a self-help group woman is an appointed representative whose role is to collect the plastic waste and hand it over to a trader who buys it from the entire village.
  4. SHG participation:
    • Almost every household has a woman involved in an SHG who were engaged with other villagers in the committees for sanitation, greenery and cleanliness campaign.
    • Through this process villagers’ participation was also ensured, without which this change would not be possible.
    • To innovatively use the services of 1.20 lakh women organised in SHG, the district administration gave five saplings to each woman on festivals in order to plant them.
    • On the occasion of Varalakshmi vratham festival, recently more than 5 lakh saplings were planted.

What changed in Peddapalli?

  • Over 16,000 community soak pits constructed,
  • More than 75,000 household soak pits constructed,
  • The district is now open-drainage free; no sewerage on the roads,
  • Houses in all the 263 villages have individual toilets,
  • Community toilets (separate for men & women) built in 262 villages; village sanitation committees responsible for maintaining these,
  • These committees are also responsible for keeping the stormwater drains free of garbage and plastic,
  • Running water connections via pipelines being provided under Mission Bhagirath.

Swachh Sukravaram (Clean Friday):

  • Swachh Sukravaram essentially entails engaging all government officials – regardless of their rank and posting – to spare a few hours every Friday and give their labour towards cleaning the villages of the district.
  • Not only does this energise the official machinery to achieve its cleanliness targets, it also motivates the common public to maintain those standards.

About: Swachh Survekshan

  • Swachh Survekshan is a ranking exercise to assess rural and urban areas for their levels of cleanliness and active implementation of Swachhata mission initiatives in a timely and innovative manner.
  • Objective: To encourage large scale citizen participation and create awareness amongst all sections of society about the importance of working together towards making towns and cities a better place to live in.
  • Additionally, the survey also intends to foster a spirit of healthy competition among towns and cities to improve their service delivery to citizens, towards creating cleaner cities and towns.
  • The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India takes up the Swachh Survekshan in urban areas and the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in rural areas.
  • The Quality Council of India (QCI) has been commissioned the responsibility of carrying out the assessment.
Swachh Survekshan 2019:
  • Swachh Survekshan 2019 covered 4,237 cities in a record time of 28 days, in a completely paperless, digital format for data collection.
  • Indore has been awarded the cleanest city in the country in the Swachh Survekshan 2019 awards while Bhopal has been declared as the cleanest capital.
  • Ujjain has bagged the award for being the cleanest city in the population category of 3 lakh to 10 lakh.
  • Ambikapur in Chattisgarh got the second prize overall and has become a role model for other towns in the state.
  • Chhattisgarh has also emerged India’s top performer among states, followed by Jharkhand and Maharashtra.

About: Quality Council of India (QCI)

  • Post liberalization, India embarked on a process of creating the quality infrastructure in the country which can help Indian products and services easy access to foreign markets in the new order under WTO regime.
  • In the process, an organization was sought to be established which would function as the National Accreditation Body (NAB).
  • QCI thus, came to be organized as an independent autonomous body that worked towards assuring quality standards across all spheres of economic and social activities.
  • It got established under the Societies Registration Act in 1997 to provide accreditation services in various sectors for product, services and persons.
Functioning of QCI:
  • The Council is independent and works under the directions of its Governing Body (GB) having equal representation of government, industry and industry associations.
  • It does not get funded by the government and is a self-sustaining non-profit organization with its own Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Rules.

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