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Parliament adjourns sine die

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Parliament adjourns sine die
Parliament adjourns sine die

In News:

  • On 23rd March 2020, both the Houses of Parliament was adjourned sine die prematurely after passing of the Finance Bill 2020 in view of increasing threats from coronavirus outbreak.

Important Terms Related to Session of the Parliament:

Session:

  • The period spanning between the first sitting of a House and its prorogation (or dissolution in the case of the Lok Sabha).
  • During a session, the House meets every day to transact business.

Recess:

  • The period spanning between the prorogation of a House and its reassembly in a new session is called ‘recess’.

Summoning:

  • The president from time to time summons each House of Parliament to meet.
  • Maximum gap between two sessions of Parliament cannot be more than six month i.e. the Parliament should meet at least twice a year. There are usually three sessions in a year. The Sessions are:
    1. the Budget Session (February to May)
    2. the Monsoon Session (July to September)
    3. the Winter Session (November to December)

Termination of Sitting of a Session:

  • A session of Parliament consists of many meetings. Each meeting of a day consists of two sittings, that is, a morning sitting from 11 am to 1 pm and post-lunch sitting from 2 pm to 6 pm.
  • A sitting of Parliament can be terminated by adjournment or adjournment sine die or prorogation or dissolution (in the case of the Lok Sabha).

Adjournment:

  • An adjournment suspends the work in a sitting for a specified time, which may be hours, days or weeks.
  • The power of adjournment lies with the presiding officer of the House.
  • He can also call a sitting of the House before the date or time to which it has been adjourned

Adjournment Sine Die:

  • Adjournment sine die means terminating a sitting of Parliament for an indefinite period i.e. without naming a day for reassembly.
  • The power of adjournment sine die lies with the presiding officer of the House.
  • He can also call a sitting of the House before the date or time to which it has been adjourned or at any time after the House has been adjourned sine die.

Prorogation:

  • The presiding officer (Speaker or Chairman) declares the House adjourned sine die, when the business of a session is completed. Within the next few days, the President issues a notification for prorogation of the session.
  • However, the President can also prorogue the House while in session.

Dissolution:

  • Unlike a prorogation, a dissolution ends the very life of the existing House, and a new House is constituted after general elections are held.
  • Rajya Sabha, being a permanent House, is not subject to dissolution. Only the Lok Sabha is subject to dissolution.
  • The dissolution of the Lok Sabha may take place in either of two ways:
    1. Automatic dissolution, that is, on the expiry of its tenure of five years or the terms as extended during a national emergency.
    2. Whenever the President decides to dissolve the House, which he is authorized to do. Once the Lok Sabha is dissolved before the completion of its normal tenure, the dissolution is irrevocable.
  • When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse.
  • However, some pending bills and all pending assurances that are to be examined by the Committee on Government Assurances do not lapse on the dissolution of the Lok Sabha.

Quorum:

  • Quorum is the minimum number of members required to be present in the House before it can transact any business.
  • It is one-tenth of the total number of members in each House including the presiding officer.
  • It means that there must be at least 55 members present in the Lok Sabha and 25 members present in the Rajya Sabha, if any business is to be conducted.

Also Read: Govt allows use of malaria drug for healthcare workers

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