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ExtraBytes: World Bank okays funds for Namami Gange

Namami Gange funds

Approx Read Time: 6 minutes
Namami Gange funds

In News:

  • The World Bank has approved five-year loan to Namami Gange Project.

News Summary:

  • The World Bank has approved five-year loan of Rs. 3000 crore to Namami Gange Project, to develop and improve infrastructure projects to abate pollution in the river basin.
  • This is the Second National Ganga River Basin Project (SNGRBP) being supported by the World Bank.
  • The World Bank has been supporting the government’s efforts since 2011 through the ongoing National Ganga River Basin Project.

About: Namami Gange Programme

  • It is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore
  • Objectives- It has twin objectives of
    1. effective abatement of pollution
    2. conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
  • Vision- Its vision is to restore the wholesomeness of the Ganga River by ensuring ‘Aviral Dhara’ and ‘Nirmal Dhara’, and maintaining geological and ecological integrity of the river.
  • Implementation- It is Implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterparts—State Programme Management Groups.

Need for Namami Gange Programme:

  • River Ganga has significant economic, environmental and cultural value in India.
  • The Ganga basin (which also extends into parts of Nepal, China and Bangladesh) accounts for 26 per cent of India’s landmass.
  • Rapidly increasing population, rising standards of living and exponential growth of industrialization and urbanization have exposed water resources to various forms of pollution and degradation.
  • The earlier attempts to clean river Ganga, like Ganga Action Plan (launched in 1985) did not become successful in cleaning Ganga.

Institutional Structure for Namami Gange:

  • The Environment Protection Act (1986) envisages five tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga and to ensure continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga.
  • The institutional structure comprises of following authorities-
    1. National Ganga Council under chairmanship of Prime Minister of India. 
    2. Empowered Task Force (ETF) on river Ganga under chairmanship Union Minister of Jal Shakti
    3. National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG)
    4. State Ganga Committees
    5. District Ganga Committees in every specified district abutting river Ganga and its tributaries in the states

Main Pillars of Namami Gange Programme:

  1. Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
  2. River Front Development
  3. River Surface Cleaning
  4. Biodiversity
  5. Afforestation
  6. Public Awareness
  7. Industrial Effluent Monitoring
  8. Ganga Gram

About: National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) 

  • It was registered as a society in 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
  • Earlier, it acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),1986.
  • NGRBA was dissolved with effect from the 7th October 2016, consequent to constitution of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council).
  • National Ganga Council is under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister.
  • Now, NMCG is the implementation arm of Namami Gange Programme.

Aims & Objectives of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG):

  • To accomplish the mandate of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) of ensuring effective abatement of pollution and rejuvenation of the river Ganga by adopting a river basin approach.
  • To maintain minimum ecological flows in the river Ganga with the aim of ensuring water quality and environmentally sustainable development.

Achievements of Ongoing National Ganga River Basin Project (NGRBP):

  • It helped set up the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) as the nodal agency to manage the river, and financed sewage treatment infrastructure in several riverside towns and cities. 
  • It is helping to build sewage collection and treatment infrastructure in 20 towns along the mainstream of the Ganga.
  • 1,275 MLD sewage treatment capacity was created under first phase of NGRBP.
  • 3,632 km of sewage network built under the project.
  • It helped to foster public mobilization for Ganga rejuvenation.

Past Efforts at Cleaning Ganga:

  • Ganga Action Plan
    • Its first phase was launched in 1985 and second phase was launched after a gap of eight years in 1993.
    • The primary objective of the GAP is to protect the river from the urban wastes.
  • National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA)
    • It was formed in 2008. Same year, Ganga was also declared as a national river.
    • It was headed by the Prime Minister.
    • Besides the pollution control, the NGRBA was responsible for flood management and sustainable use of the river water.
    • Later, NGBRA was dissolved and replaced by National Ganga Council in 2016.

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