87% of India covered under immunization programme – (Mission Indradhanush)Approx Read Time: 2 minutes
- Mission Indradhanush, launched in December 2014, has pulled up India’s immunization coverage significantly to 87 percent, as per the Union Joint Secretary (Health).
- However, a larger survey has been commissioned to verify the latest data.
- Earlier survey data: The official data from a few years ago on India’s immunization coverage is still 62 percent, given as the National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-16).
- Latest data as per self-reporting by States: As per the latest information as reported in the HMIS (self-reporting by states), the immunization coverage right now is 87 percent.
- Concurrent monitoring data: As per the concurrent monitoring data, full immunization coverage stands at 85 percent.
- In comparision, the concurrent data for 2014 had showed a full immunization coverage of 67 percent, when Indradhanush was launched.
- Concurrent monitoring is a combination of provider reporting and supervisor surveys done within the system to estimate how a programme is working.
- Survey to verify the data: As the data from States is not verified at any level, a larger survey has been commissioned.
- Trend points to Mission Indradhanush success: While various sources have slight differences in the full immunization coverage, there is no doubt that the trends indicate a big leap in immunization coverage since the launch of Mission Indradhanush.
About: Mission Indradhanush
- Owing to low childhood vaccination coverage, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare launched Mission Indradhanush in 2014 to target undeserved, vulnerable, resistant, and inaccessible populations.
- Mission Indradhanush was designed as a booster vaccination programme in 201 districts with low immunization coverage.
- The word Indradhanush was chosen to represent the seven vaccines that were then included in the Universal Immunization Programme against these seven diseases – tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis B, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, and measles.
- It was aimed to immunize all children under the age of 2 years, as well as all pregnant women, against seven vaccine preventable diseases.
- The number has since risen to 12 with the inclusion of vaccines against measles rubella, rotavirus, Haemophilus influenzae type B, pneumococcus, and polio.
- In a select few states and districts, vaccines are also provided against Japanese Encephalitis.