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Extra Bytes: Additional funds sought for Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission Funds

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In News:

  • The Jal Shakti Ministry is pitching for additional funding of ₹82,000 crore from the 15th Finance Commission for the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • As per the Jal Shakti ministry, only 18% of households are currently covered in the country.

News Summary:

  • The Jal Shakti Ministry has asked for additional funding of ₹82,000 crore to meet the need for capital intensive projects in water scarce areas, and areas where the water has been contaminated by arsenic or fluoride, or has high-salinity levels.
  • Ministry showed that there had been a 45% shortfall in financing the JJM by both the Centre and the States in its first year of 2019-20.
  • Similarly, in 2020-21 as well, there has been a 32% shortfall at the Central level. This is mainly because of post- COVID-19 resource constraints both at Centre and States level.
  • The Ministry also wants to control the flow of the Commission’s funds to panchayats for water and sanitation.

About: Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)

  • The Jal Jeevan Mission was announced by the Central Government in August 2019.
  • The main objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural households by 2024.
Jal Jeevan Mission Funds

Vision of JJM:

  • Drinking water supply in adequate quantity and prescribed quality for every rural household.
  • The water supply should be regular and long-term at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.

Mission of JJM: Jal Jeevan Mission is to assist, empower and facilitate

  • States/ UTs in planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on long-term basis to every rural household and public institution.
  • States/ UTs for creation of water supply infrastructure so that every rural household has Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024.
  • States/ UTs to plan for their drinking water security.
  • GPs/ rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate and maintain their own in-village water supply systems.

Broad Objectives of the JJM:

  • To provide FHTC to every rural household by 2024
  • To prioritize provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  • To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
  • To monitor functionality of tap connections
  • To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan).

Executing Agency of JJM:

  • Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Ministry is the executing agency of the mission.

Implementing Strategy:

  • The Mission will focus on both demand and supply side water management at the local level.
  • It will also focus on creation of local infrastructure like:
    • Rainwater harvesting,
    • Groundwater recharge
    • Management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
  • It will converge with other ongoing Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives.

Funding of the Mission:

  • The JJM has a five-year budget of ₹3.6 lakh crore.
  • It had expected to get this money through a convergence of financing sources.
  • Various financing sources for JJM are-
    1. Direct budgetary allocations
    2. Funds from Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) and the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAMPA) to create sustainable water sources.
    3. Corporate social responsibility(CSR), community donations and MPLADS funds for local area development to be used for the village-level infrastructure.
    4. The Finance Commission’s grants for panchayats would be used for grey water management and operation and maintenance of the water supply system.

Components under JJM:

  • The following components are supported under JJM-
    1. Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household.
    2. Development of reliable drinking water sources and/ or augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of water supply.
    3. Wherever necessary, bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household.
    4. Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.
    5. Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at minimum service level of 55 lpcd.
    6. Greywater management.
    7. Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC to every household by 2024.

Significance of JJM:

  • Decreasing Water Availability– The per capita water availability in 2011 was 1,545 cubic metre. This makes India a water stressed country. Out of the 18 crore rural households in the country, only 3 crore have access to piped water supply. Rest 15 crore don’t have access to piped water supply.
  • Water Quality– As per NITI Aayog, about 70% of piped water supply in India is contaminated. This puts a huge pressure of health of people.
  • JJM aims to solve both the above mentioned challenges.

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