Jal Jeevan Mission FundsApprox Read Time: 6 minutes
- The Jal Shakti Ministry is pitching for additional funding of ₹82,000 crore from the 15th Finance Commission for the Jal Jeevan Mission.
- As per the Jal Shakti ministry, only 18% of households are currently covered in the country.
- The Jal Shakti Ministry has asked for additional funding of ₹82,000 crore to meet the need for capital intensive projects in water scarce areas, and areas where the water has been contaminated by arsenic or fluoride, or has high-salinity levels.
- Ministry showed that there had been a 45% shortfall in financing the JJM by both the Centre and the States in its first year of 2019-20.
- Similarly, in 2020-21 as well, there has been a 32% shortfall at the Central level. This is mainly because of post- COVID-19 resource constraints both at Centre and States level.
- The Ministry also wants to control the flow of the Commission’s funds to panchayats for water and sanitation.
About: Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)
- The Jal Jeevan Mission was announced by the Central Government in August 2019.
- The main objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural households by 2024.
- It is also referred to as FUNCTIONAL HOUSEHOLD TAP CONNECTION (FHTC).
Vision of JJM:
- Drinking water supply in adequate quantity and prescribed quality for every rural household.
- The water supply should be regular and long-term at affordable service delivery charges leading to improvement in living standards of rural communities.
Mission of JJM: Jal Jeevan Mission is to assist, empower and facilitate–
- States/ UTs in planning of participatory rural water supply strategy for ensuring potable drinking water security on long-term basis to every rural household and public institution.
- States/ UTs for creation of water supply infrastructure so that every rural household has Functional Tap Connection (FHTC) by 2024.
- States/ UTs to plan for their drinking water security.
- GPs/ rural communities to plan, implement, manage, own, operate and maintain their own in-village water supply systems.
Broad Objectives of the JJM:
- To provide FHTC to every rural household by 2024
- To prioritize provision of FHTCs in quality affected areas, villages in drought prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
- To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings
- To monitor functionality of tap connections
- To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and voluntary labour (shramdaan).
Executing Agency of JJM:
- Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation under the Jal Shakti Ministry is the executing agency of the mission.
- The Mission will focus on both demand and supply side water management at the local level.
- It will also focus on creation of local infrastructure like:
- Rainwater harvesting,
- Groundwater recharge
- Management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture.
- It will converge with other ongoing Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives.
Funding of the Mission:
- The JJM has a five-year budget of ₹3.6 lakh crore.
- It had expected to get this money through a convergence of financing sources.
- Various financing sources for JJM are-
- Direct budgetary allocations
- Funds from Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) and the Compensatory Afforestation Fund (CAMPA) to create sustainable water sources.
- Corporate social responsibility(CSR), community donations and MPLADS funds for local area development to be used for the village-level infrastructure.
- The Finance Commission’s grants for panchayats would be used for grey water management and operation and maintenance of the water supply system.
Components under JJM:
- The following components are supported under JJM-
- Development of in-village piped water supply infrastructure to provide tap water connection to every rural household.
- Development of reliable drinking water sources and/ or augmentation of existing sources to provide long-term sustainability of water supply.
- Wherever necessary, bulk water transfer, treatment plants and distribution network to cater to every rural household.
- Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.
- Retrofitting of completed and ongoing schemes to provide FHTCs at minimum service level of 55 lpcd.
- Greywater management.
- Any other unforeseen challenges/ issues emerging due to natural disasters/ calamities which affect the goal of FHTC to every household by 2024.
Significance of JJM:
- Decreasing Water Availability– The per capita water availability in 2011 was 1,545 cubic metre. This makes India a water stressed country. Out of the 18 crore rural households in the country, only 3 crore have access to piped water supply. Rest 15 crore don’t have access to piped water supply.
- Water Quality– As per NITI Aayog, about 70% of piped water supply in India is contaminated. This puts a huge pressure of health of people.
- JJM aims to solve both the above mentioned challenges.