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Governance Bytes: Environment Ministry reconstitutes Central Zoo Authority

Environment Ministry reconstitutes Central Zoo Authority

Approx Read Time: 5 minutes
Environment Ministry reconstitutes Central Zoo Authority
Environment Ministry reconstitutes Central Zoo Authority

In News:

  • The Environment Ministry has reconstituted the Central Zoo Authority (CZA).
  • CZA now includes an expert from the School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi, and a molecular biologist.
  • In May, the CZA issued an advisory for enhanced surveillance and closing of zoos amidst the risk of possible transfer of Covid 19 to animals like big cats in the zoos.
  • From June 1, the CZA had allowed zoos to take a call on opening them to visitors.

About: Central Zoo Authority (CZA)

Origin:
  • The CZA is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) established in 1992.
  • It was constituted under Section 38 A to 38 J of the Wildlife Protection (Amendment) Act, 1991.
Composition:
  • The Authority consists of a Chairman, ten members and a Member Secretary.
  • It is Chaired by the Union Minister of Environment.
  • Almost all members are officials in the Environment Ministry and non-government experts are those who are wildlife conservationists or retired forest officers.
Vision of CZA:
  • Its vision is to have animals is the zoos which are healthy in ecosystem based naturalistic enclosure.
  • It also envisions to support the in-situ conservation of animals in India with ex-situ conservation through zoos.
Objectives of CZA:
  • The main objective of the CZA is to complement and strengthen the national effort in conservation of the rich biodiversity of the country, particularly the fauna as per the National Zoo Policy, 1998.
  • Another objective is to enforce minimum standards and norms for upkeep and health care of animals in India zoos.

Main Functions of CZA:

  • It specifies minimum standards for housing, upkeep and veterinary care of animals kept in the zoos.
  • It is authorised to recognize, derecognise and regulate the Zoos in the country as it is mandatory for every zoo in the country to obtain recognition from CZA for its operation.
  • It evaluates and assesses the functioning of zoos with respect to prescribed norms.
  • It also regulates the exchange among zoos of animals of endangered category listed under Schedule I and Schedule II of WLPA, 1972.
  • It also regulates and gives approval for the exchange of animals between Indian and international zoos before the requisite clearances under EXIM Policy and the CITES permits are issued by the competent authority.
  • The authority lays down guidelines and prescribes rules under which animals may be transferred among zoos nationally and internationally.
  • It also coordinates and implements programmes on capacity building of zoo personnel, planned conservation breeding programmes and ex-situ research for species conservation.

Regulation of Zoos in India:

  • Zoos in the country are regulated as per the provisions of Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 and are guided by the National Zoo Policy, 1998.

National Zoo Policy, 1998

  • It aims at giving proper direction and thrust to management by gathering cooperation and participation of all concerned.

Recognition of Zoo Rules:

  • These comprise of standards and the norms for appropriate housing, upkeep, health care and diet etc. for overall management of animals housed in Indian zoos.
  • They first came up in the year 1992 and were later amended in the year 2009 and 2013.

Also Read: Governance Bytes: PM extends free rations until November

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