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2000 samples show no community transmission yet

Community transmission

Approx Read Time: 5 minutes
Community transmission
No Community transmission Yet

In News:

  • ICMR has informed that as of now, there is no community transmission in India.
  • The conclusion is drawn based on testing of over 2,000 random samples drawn from patients hospitalized in ICUs with severe acute respiratory infections like pneumonia over past few weeks.
  • These patients had no history of international travel, neither were they in contact with any such person who has travelled aboard recently.
  • The conclusion spelt relief for monitoring agencies but it has warned that the disease has the ability of rapid transmission and the situation needs to be assessed on a daily basis.

New steps taken by the authorities to contain the virus transmission:

  1. Usage of indelible ink on the suspected of being infected with the new coronavirus:
    • The Election Commission has allowed usage of indelible ink by health authorities for stamping ‘home quarantined’ on the hands of those suspected of being infected with the new coronavirus.
    • The Election Commission has eased its policy of using the ink only for voting purposes.
    • The authorities have been instructed not to use the ink on any finger of the left hand, as under Rule 49K of the Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961.
    • The left forefinger of electors is required to be marked with indelible ink at the polling stations before a vote is cast.
    • It also suggested the health ministry may standardize the mark and the location on the body where the ink is to be applied.
  2. Govt issues guidelines for telemedicine:
    • The health ministry has issued telemedicine guidelines on enabling doctors to write prescriptions based on telephone conversations that reduce risks of transmission for medical professionals as well as patients.
    • Aim of the move:
      1. Decongesting healthcare facilities in the wake of Covid-19.
      2. It will make healthcare accessible to remote areas in general.
      3. It will make faster intervention possible with the current immobilization due to coronavirus making hospital and clinic visits difficult.
    • About the guidelines:
      • It provides information on various aspects of telemedicine, including on technology platforms and tools available to medical practitioners and how to integrate these technologies to provide healthcare delivery.
      • It also spells out how technology and transmission of voice, data, images and information should be used in conjunction with other clinical standards, protocols, policies and procedures to provide care.
    • About Telemedicine:
      • Telemedicine allows health care professionals to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients at a distance using telecommunications technology.
      • A telemedicine visit can be conducted without exposing staff to viruses/infections in the times of such outbreaks.

Significance of the move:

  • The telemedicine practice can prevent the risk of transmission of infectious diseases to both healthcare workers and patients.
  • Unnecessary and avoidable exposure of the people involved in the delivery of healthcare can be avoided using telemedicine and patients can be screened remotely. Besides, it also enables additional resources.
  • Health systems that are invested in telemedicine are well positioned to ensure that patients with Covid-19 kind of issues receive the care they need.
  • Disasters and pandemics pose unique challenges to providing healthcare. Though telemedicine will not solve them all, it is well suited for scenarios in which medical practitioners can evaluate and manage patients.

About: Indelible ink

  • Electoral ink, indelible ink, electoral stain or phosphoric ink is a semi-permanent ink or dye that is applied to the forefinger (usually) of voters during elections in order to prevent electoral fraud such as double voting.
  • It is an effective method for countries where identification documents for citizens are not always standardized or institutionalized.
  • Election ink uses silver nitrate, and excessive exposure can cause argyria.
  • The indelible ink mark normally stays for three days when applied on the skin.
  • It was first used during the 1962 Indian general election, in Mysore State, now the modern-day state of Karnataka.
  • Mysore Paints & Varnish Limited, a Karnataka government undertaking, is the sole manufacturer of the indelible ink.

Also Read: PM Modi: Despite disruptions, lockdown is best option

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