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Indigenous breeds record marginal rise – (20th Livestock Census report)

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In News:

  • The 20th Livestock Census report has been released by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying.

20th Livestock Census report
20th Livestock Census report

News Summary:

  • As per the 20th Livestock Census, the population of foreign breeds is more than half the population of desi breeds.
  • There has been only a small increase in indigenous breeds of cows kept for dairy purpose.
  • There is a 1% increase in desi milch cattle over 2012.
  • In comparison, there is a 32% increase in milch population of exotic and crossbred cattle, which includes high milk-yielding varieties such as Jersey or Holsteins.
  • However, the total population of indigenous desi breeds (both male and female) has dropped 6% to 14.2 crore animals, while exotic and crossbred cattle has increased by 27% to 5 crore animals.

Key Findings of the 20th Livestock Census:

  • The total livestock population is 53.6 crore, an increase of 4.6% over Livestock Census-2012.
  • Bovine population, that is, cattle, buffalo, mithun and yak is 30.3 crore, an increase of 1.0% over the previous Census (2012).
  • Cow population is 14.5 crore, an increase of 18% over the previous Census (2012).
  • Sheep population is 7.4 crore, an increase of 14.1% over the previous Census (2012).
  • Goat population is 15 crore, an increase of 10.1% over the previous Census (2012).
  • Poultry population is 85.2 crore, an increase of 16.8% over the previous Census (2012).
  • As compared to previous census the percentage share of sheep and goat population has increased whereas the percentage share of cattle, buffalo and pig has marginally declined.

About: Livestock Census

  • It is conducted by the Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
  • The Livestock Census is conducted periodically since 1919-20 and covers all domesticated animals and its headcounts.
  • The Census includes counting of various species of:
    • Animals: Cattle, Buffalo, Mithun, Yak, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Horse, Pony, Mule, Donkey, Camel, Dog, Rabbit, and Elephant.
    • Poultry birds: Fowl, Duck, Emu, Turkeys, Quail and other poultry birds
  • The 20th Livestock Census was conducted in participation with all States and Union Territories and enumeration was done both in rural and urban areas.
  • The 20th livestock census is a unique attempt with a major initiative to digitise household level data through online transmission from the field.
  • A mobile Application software developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC) was used for data collection and online transmission of data from the field to the NIC server.

About: Rashtriya Gokul Mission (20th Livestock Census report)

  • Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched in 2014 for conservation and development of indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.
  • The scheme comprises of two components:
    • National Programme for Bovine Breeding (NPBB)
    • National Mission on Bovine Productivity (NMBP)
  • The key objectives of the Mission are:
    • Development and conservation of indigenous breeds
    • Breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds to improve their genetic makeup and increase the stocks.
    • Enhancement of milk production and productivity.
    • Upgradation of nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni, Tharparkar, Red Sindhi.
    • Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.
  • Significant initiatives include:
    • Gopal Ratna and Kamdhenu Awards for encouraging farmers to rear indigenous breeds of bovine.
    • Establishment of ‘Gokul Grams’ as integrated cattle development centers.
    • Establish National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres.
    • “E-Pashu Haat” Nakul Prajnan Bazaar e-portal connecting breeders and farmers.
    • Pashu Sanjivni, an animal wellness programme with provision of Animal Health Cards

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